Fort Mims site commemorates the Fort Mims battle
which took place August 30, 1813. The attack on Fort
Mims is considered a leading cause of the Creek War
In 1813, people on America's southwestern frontier
were fearful. The Redstick faction of the Creek
Indian Nation opposed growing U.S. influence in the
area and had voted for war. However, Creeks living
in the Tensaw area had intermarried with the
European and American settlers and were close
Early in the summer, local American militia and
allied Creeks attacked a group of Redsticks at Burnt
Corn Creek. Tensions grew and many families along
the Tensaw, Alabama and Tombigbee rivers took refuge
in quickly fortified sites.
On this site they built a stockade around Samuel
Mim's plantation. Later, volunteer troops from
Mississippi helped enlarge it. But as weeks passed
without an attack, the people at Fort Mims grew
At midday, August 30, about 700 Redstick warriors
attacked the fort. They entered through an open
gate and fired into the fort through poorly designed
The commander, Major Daniel Beasely, died in the
first wave, but part-Creek Dixon Bailey rallied the
defenders. The attack continued for five hours and
ended with more than 300 attackers and defenders
dead, including most of the women and children at
News spread quickly throughout the South. Troops
from surrounding states and territories joined to
crush the Creek War by the following summer. On
August 9, 1814, the Creek leaders met at Fort
Jackson near Wetumpka and ceded 23 million acres of
their land to the United States.
This site is owned and operated by the Alabama
Historical Commission and the Fort Mims Restoration
Association. The Alabama Historical Commission also
owns and operates Fort Toulouse/Fort Jackson near
The site has picnic tables and an interpretive
walkway, but no staff or facilities.
The five acre site of Fort Mims is located 7 miles
west of Tensaw in Baldwin County off State Road 59.
To reach Fort Mims take County Rd 80 off of State Rd
59 north of Stockton, Baldwin County.
For more information call 251-937-5710, or e-mail
No admission fee.
No scheduled tours at this time.